One of the most important components to having a successful season is creating a plan for your program in the pre-season. There are endless areas of focus to plan for but the five main things that I typically like to focus on are:
- Coaching roles and responsibilities
- Offensive philosophy
- Defensive philosophy
- Rebounding philosophy
- Drills for individual and team skill development
Before the start of each season it is vital to meet with your coaching staff to not only share your plan, but to also discuss and receive feedback on any additional thoughts or changes that are in the best interest of your program. Whether it is a weekend retreat to the beach or a Monday night dinner, it is extremely important that your coaches buy-in to the plan before it’s conveyed to your players.
From the head coach all the way down to your last assistant (and Director of Operations and Video Coordinators if applicable), each coach on your staff needs to fully understand their roles and responsibilities for the season. Here are some suggestions of responsibilities to cover:
- Academic Tracking & Progress
- Practice & Game Gym Setup (Chairs, Sweeping Floors, Clocks, etc)
- Bench Duties (What is being charted/watched on the bench?)
- Community Outreach (Newsletters, Pictures, Community Service, Booster Clubs, etc)
- Strength & Conditioning
- Film (Highlight, scouting, and motivational videos)
- Guard Development (Who is mainly in charge of the guards during individual instruction)
- Post Development (Who is mainly in charge of the bigs during individual instruction)
The offensive philosophy should really be geared around your personnel and can change every year. For instance, if you are coaching an uptempo style of play and your team is not very gifted athletically, that may not be what is best for your team. One mistake some coaches make is they are so excited for the start of the season that they try to put in everything the first week. Focus on the foundation of your system and add to it as the season progresses. If they cannot execute Part 1, there is not reason to put in Part 2 yet. Here are some thoughts (Not in any particular order) to take into consideration when developing your offensive philosophy:
- What pace or style of play do you want to play?
- What pace or style of play fits your personnel?
- Establish your fast break and press break systems
- Consider putting in one or several quick hitters to run as early offense (ie- Pick & Rolls, Pin-Downs, Post-Up, etc)
- Are you a read and react team or a team that runs set plays? That needs to be established early.
- If you are a read and react team, what layers do you want to get in the first week(s) of practice?
- If you are a set plays team, have your plays organized early and have a timely schedule in place of when the plays will be implemented.
- The above also applies to Side and Underneath Out-of-Bounds. Are you a “get it in” team or do you want to score out-of-bounds?
- Are you a team that can use pick & rolls/pops?
- Late Game Situations
- Do you foul if you’re up 3?
- Down 3 late in the game: Go for 3 or a quick 2 and foul (Time Permitting)?
Many of the details that pertain to your offense can also be upheld defensively. For example, if you love the VCU “HAVOC” style of play from Shaka Smart, you may not have the personnel on your team to maintain that pace of defense over an entire game. Also, hopefully by now you have a philosophy around running man versus zone defense or a mixture of both and you can start teaching this to your players. Here are some additional thoughts to consider:
- How do you guard pick and rolls? (Hedge, Trap, Switch, Lift & Under, Chase, etc)
- How do you guard pin-downs and off-ball screens? (Downscreens, Flares, Staggers, etc)
- Where do you help and when? (Do you help from the corner on wing penetration? Are you a helping or stunting team?)
- Are you a full-court pressing team, half-court man, or zone team?
- Have defensive terminology for your positions (On Ball, Gap, Help); this leads to enforcing communication
- Transition defense, stopping the ball first and closing out to help
- How do you guard the post? (Front, 1/2, 3/4, top side, bottom side)
- Do you want the ball forced middle or baseline/sideline?
Some may think that rebounding should follow under offense and defense but in my opinion it is important enough to have its’ own category. Some thoughts on rebounding:
- How many players crash the boards on offense? Do you send 3, 4, or all 5 to rebound?
- Fundamentals of blocking out. (We teach “Hit & Get”=Turn and hit your man somewhere between the knees and chest and go get the ball). Blocking out with your rear is not effective anymore.
- Do you want to Jam the rebounder or send all 5 back on defense and retreat? (Jamming=Having closest player to the rebounder try to deflect outlet pass)
Before you start planning your practices, make sure you are aware of your teams’ weaknesses and establish drills early to improve on these deficiencies. Whether it is shooting, ball-handling, defense, rebounding, passing, establishing a foundation of drills early will increase the level of skill improvement on your team. In addition, I love to start my practices by running several peer pressure drills to get my players warmed up and focused right from the start.
If you find it difficult to find time in your practice plan to work on skill development, don’t let that be the excuse for skipping it all together. Here are some suggestions if you fit into this category:
- Skill Development with Parts of Offense: Break down your offense into smaller parts and work on these parts. For example, if you’re a pick and roll team, practice the 2-man game and have the player come off for a shot of pass to the big, have a coach/manager ready to throw a pass to the other player for a shot.
- In the Pre-Season and on Game Days, bring your players in in the morning, or right after school, and put them through 30 minutes to an hour of skill work. Keep it lighter on game days, lots of game repetitions/shots.
I hope you have enjoyed this post and have come away with several ideas to help you in the planning process for this season. As a community of coaches, I am always looking for feedback from you for additional ideas, have I left off any important factors you consider when planning for the season?